Wang was born in , Anhui in 1962. He received his LL.B. and LL.M degrees from Beijing University in 1983 and 1986, and received his LL.D. degree from Renmin University of China Law School in 1999.
Wang joined the faculty of Yantai University in 1986 and became the Dean of the Department of Law from 1996 to 1999. After August 1999, Wang became a professor at Beijing University Law School.
Wang was a visiting scholar in Catholic University of Leuven from 1994 to 1996, and in Yale Law School from 2004 to 2005.