Du Gangjian was born in Hefei, Anhui in 1956. He received his B.A degree from Anhui Normal University in 1979 and Master of Law degree from Renmin University of China Department of Law in 1982.
After graduation, Du joined the faculty of Renmin University of China Department of Law. In 1997, he became a professor at National School of Administration . He was the Chief Professor of Shantou University Law School since 2004 and was appointed the Dean of Shantou University Law School in March 2007, .